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Journal Articles Water Year : 2022

Short-Range Movement Pattern of Amphidromous Lagoon Fish Schools: Ecological Applications

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Abstract

High-resolution multibeam sonar allows estimating movements of pelagic fish schools at short range. Taking advantage of this methodology, we calculated a Straightness Index (SI) to quantify the proportion of schools migrating actively from those residents in lagoon channels. This information enhances our knowledge of both fish school displacements and migration processes, which are essential to improve our understanding of ecosystem functioning. Most fish schools (65%) exhibited a SI value demonstrating oriented swimming behavior through the channels displayed by schools reaching the sea during fall migration. This trend appears as an intrinsic property of school movements, allowing monitoring of the school migration process in a channel to provide information for manager vs. fishing regulation measures or lagoon planning. The result strengthens the ‘multi-transit’ hypothesis, as 35% of schools show sinuous trajectories representative of schools staying in the channel or displaying high exploratory behaviors. Lastly, the fish school Exploration Swimming Speed (ESS) was tested as a fishery-independent sampling method to evaluate the proportion of different fish species monitored using hydroacoustics. This approach demonstrates the interest in using swimming behavioral characteristics of fish schools for ecological and management purposes.

Dates and versions

hal-03711188 , version 1 (01-07-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Patrice Brehmer, Marc Soria, Viviane David, Pablo Ivan Caballero Pinzon, Pascal Bach, et al.. Short-Range Movement Pattern of Amphidromous Lagoon Fish Schools: Ecological Applications. Water, 2022, 14 (9), pp.1463. ⟨10.3390/w14091463⟩. ⟨hal-03711188⟩
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