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Journal Articles Respiratory Medicine and Research Year : 2022

Proposals from a French expert panel for respiratory care in ALS patients

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Background: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive diaphragm weakness and deteriorating lung function. Bulbar involvement and cough weakness contribute to respiratory morbidity and mortality. ALS-related respiratory failure significantly affects quality of life and is the leading cause of death. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV), which is the main recognized treatment for alleviating the symptoms of respiratory failure, prolongs survival and improves quality of life. However, the optimal timing for the initiation of NIV is still a matter of debate. NIV is a complex intervention. Multiple factors influence the efficacy of NIV and patient adherence. The aim of this work was to develop practical evidence-based advices to standardize the respiratory care of ALS patients in French tertiary care centres. Methods: For each proposal, a French expert panel systematically searched an indexed bibliography and prepared a written literature review that was then shared and discussed. A combined draft was prepared by the chairman for further discussion. All of the proposals were unanimously approved by the expert panel. Results: The French expert panel updated the criteria for initiating NIV in ALS patients. The most recent criteria were established in 2005. Practical advice for NIV initiation were included and the value of each tool available for NIV monitoring was reviewed. A strategy to optimize NIV parameters was suggested. Revisions were also suggested for the use of mechanically assisted cough devices in ALS patients. Conclusion: Our French expert panel proposes an evidence-based review to update the respiratory care recommendations for ALS patients in daily practice.
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Dates and versions

hal-03712710 , version 1 (04-07-2022)



Marjolaine Georges, T. Perez, C. Rabec, L. Jacquin, A. Finet-Monnier, et al.. Proposals from a French expert panel for respiratory care in ALS patients. Respiratory Medicine and Research, 2022, 81, pp.100901. ⟨10.1016/j.resmer.2022.100901⟩. ⟨hal-03712710⟩
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