Retinal cholesterol metabolism is perturbated in response to experimental glaucoma in the rat - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2022

Retinal cholesterol metabolism is perturbated in response to experimental glaucoma in the rat

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Abstract

Alterations of cholesterol metabolism have been described for many neurodegenerative pathologies, such as Alzheimer’s disease in the brain and age-related macular degeneration in the retina. Recent evidence suggests that glaucoma, which is characterized by the progressive death of retinal ganglion cells, could also be associated with disruption of cholesterol homeostasis. In the present study we characterized cholesterol metabolism in a rat model of laser-induced intraocular hypertension, the main risk factor for glaucoma. Sterol levels were measured using gas-chromatography and cholesterol-related gene expression using quantitative RT-PCR at various time-points. As early as 18 hours after the laser procedure, genes implicated in cholesterol biosynthesis and uptake were upregulated (+49% and +100% for HMG-CoA reductase and LDLR genes respectively, vs. naive eyes) while genes involved in efflux were downregulated (-26% and -37% for ApoE and CYP27A1 genes, respectively). Cholesterol and precursor levels were consecutively elevated 3 days post-laser (+14%, +40% and +194% for cholesterol, desmosterol and lathosterol, respectively). Interestingly, counter-regulatory mechanisms were transcriptionally activated following these initial dysregulations, which were associated with the restoration of retinal cholesterol homeostasis, favorable to ganglion cell viability, one month after the laser-induced ocular hypertension. In conclusion, we report here for the first time that ocular hypertension is associated with transient major dynamic changes in retinal cholesterol metabolism.
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hal-03728218 , version 1 (29-07-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Elise Léger-Charnay, Lucy Martine, Elisabeth Dubus, Marie-Annick Maire, Tristan Morala, et al.. Retinal cholesterol metabolism is perturbated in response to experimental glaucoma in the rat. PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (3), pp.e0264787. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0264787⟩. ⟨hal-03728218⟩
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