Rift Valley fever, Mauritania, 2020: Lessons from a one health approach - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles One Health Year : 2022

Rift Valley fever, Mauritania, 2020: Lessons from a one health approach

Abstract

A new outbreak of Rift Valley fever (RVF) occurred in Mauritania from September to November 2020, involving 78 reported human cases and 186 reported animal cases. Eleven out of the 13 regions of the country were affected by the epidemic, with the highest number of both human and animal cases in Tagant, Assaba and Brakna regions. The most affected animal species in this outbreak was camels, followed by small ruminants. Among the 10 mosquito species caught, 7 species, Culex poicilipes, Cx. quinquefasciatus, Cx. antennatus, Cx. univitattus, Aedes vexans, Mansonia africana and Ma. uniformis, are known to be involved in the transmission of RVF virus. Phylogenetic analyses based on the partial NSs gene revealed close proximity between the human/animal Mauritania 2020 viral strains and the Mauritania 2015/Niger 2016 strains, suggesting re-emergence of the RVF virus in the country since the last reported outbreak in 2015.
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hal-03741646 , version 1 (01-08-2022)

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Yahya Barry, Ahmed Elbara, Mohamed Abdallahi Bollahi, Ahmed Ould El Mamy, Mokhtar Fall, et al.. Rift Valley fever, Mauritania, 2020: Lessons from a one health approach. One Health, 2022, 15, pp.100413. ⟨10.1016/j.onehlt.2022.100413⟩. ⟨hal-03741646⟩
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