Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) shows intraspecific variability in response to temperature during germination - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Agronomy Year : 2022

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) shows intraspecific variability in response to temperature during germination

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Abstract

Tall fescue is a major species growing in temperate grasslands. It is a cool-season perennial native of Western Europe and used worldwide as forage for its quality and adaptability to various soils and climates. By its effects on germination and seedling growth, temperature affects the recruitment of individuals and, consequently, the genetic diversity of plant communities. Under most climate change scenarios, breeding cultivars adapted to new ranges of temperature will be necessary. Knowing the variability of the responses to temperature by different accessions is an essential first step towards such breeding. In this work, we (i) analyze the intraspecific variability of tall fescue in response to a constant temperature during germination and (ii) quantitatively describe the response curves. A sample of nine, from 128, accessions of tall fescue was evaluated. Four replicates of 100 seeds per accessions were tested for germination in the dark at eight constant temperatures ranging from 5 to 40 °C with increases of 5 °C. The germinability, lag to start and maximum germination rates were estimated. It was observed that the responses of tall fescue accessions were statistically different (p < 0.05). The optimal temperature for maximum germination ranged from 9 °C to 25 °C. Germination was not observed for any accession at 40 °C. The novelty of this work comes from the duration of the sampling period at low temperatures that was longer than in most published papers. Based on the responses to temperature during germination, our findings suggest that a high intraspecific genetic variability exists in tall fescue that merits further exploration. This variability should be useful to breed new cultivars adapted to the new environmental conditions imposed by the ongoing fast climate change.

Dates and versions

hal-03744644 , version 1 (03-08-2022)

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Lina Ahmed, Abraham Escobar-Gutiérrez. Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) shows intraspecific variability in response to temperature during germination. Agronomy, 2022, 12 (5), pp.1-12. ⟨10.3390/agronomy12051245⟩. ⟨hal-03744644⟩
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