Unexpected intraspecific variability of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in response to constant temperature during germination and initial heterotrophic growth - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2022

Unexpected intraspecific variability of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in response to constant temperature during germination and initial heterotrophic growth

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Abstract

Lolium perenne (L.) is one of the most important species in temperate grasslands. Temperature is a major factor controlling plant development. Breeding L. perenne cultivars adapted to new ranges of temperature could be necessary under most climate change scenarios. However, before any breeding effort in such direction, knowing the intraspecific variability of responses to temperature is essential. Our objective was to analyze a sample of accessions of L. perenne for their response to constant temperature during germination and initial heterotrophic growth. Eight accessions were taken out from a genebank containing 160 accessions. Six accessions were wild populations collected in different places in France and the other two were populations from a selection program. For germination, four replicates of 100 seeds per accession were tested in Petri dishes in the dark at eight constant temperatures, from 5 to 40°C with increases of 5°C. Germination countings were carried out at variable time intervals and durations that depended on treatments. For initial heterotrophic growth analysis, seeds were germinated at 25°C. Sets of 30 seedlings per accession were placed in polypropylene boxes on blotter blue paper and transferred to each one of the eight treatments in the dark. They were pictured at variable time intervals for root and shoot growth measurement by image analysis. Neither seed germination nor heterotrophic growth was observed at 40°C, for any accession. Temperature and time course response surfaces were markedly different between accessions. Equally, maximum germinability and the shape of the response curves to temperature were significantly different between accessions. This means that limited similarities between responses were observed. Furthermore, germination rates followed the non-linear beta function with significant differences between some accessions. These also showed significant differences in their root and shoot growth rate in response to temperature. In general, the relative growth rates of roots and shoots were slow at 5°C, peaked between 25 and 30°C, and showed a sharp reduction afterward. These results reveal, for the first time, high genetic variability within L. perenne germplasm for the response to temperature in the initial life phases. This discovered variability should serve breeders to create perennial ryegrass varieties for the future.

Dates and versions

hal-03744659 , version 1 (03-08-2022)

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Lina Ahmed, Abraham Escobar-Gutiérrez. Unexpected intraspecific variability of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) in response to constant temperature during germination and initial heterotrophic growth. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2022, 13, pp.1-15. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2022.856099⟩. ⟨hal-03744659⟩
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