The Leaf Microbiome of Arabidopsis Displays Reproducible Dynamics and Patterns throughout the Growing Season - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles mBio Year : 2022

The Leaf Microbiome of Arabidopsis Displays Reproducible Dynamics and Patterns throughout the Growing Season

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Abstract

Leaves are primarily responsible for the plant's photosynthetic activity. Thus, changes in the leaf microbiota, which includes deleterious and beneficial microbes, can have far-reaching effects on plant fitness and productivity. Identifying the processes and microorganisms that drive these changes over a plant's lifetime is, therefore, crucial. In this study, we analyzed the temporal dynamics in the leaf microbiome of Arabidopsis thaliana, integrating changes in both composition and microbe-microbe interactions via the study of microbial networks. Field-grown Arabidopsis were used to monitor leaf bacterial, fungal and oomycete communities throughout the plant's natural growing season (extending from November to March) over three consecutive years. Our results revealed the existence of conserved temporal patterns, with microbial communities and networks going through a stabilization phase of decreased diversity and variability at the beginning of the plant's growing season. Despite a high turnover in these communities, we identified 19 "core" taxa persisting on Arabidopsis leaves across time and plant generations. With the hypothesis these microbes could be playing key roles in the structuring of leaf microbial communities, we conducted a time-informed microbial network analysis which showed core taxa are not necessarily highly connected network "hubs," and "hubs" alternate with time. Our study shows that leaf microbial communities exhibit reproducible dynamics and patterns, suggesting the potential of using our understanding of temporal trajectories in microbial community composition to design experiments aimed at driving these communities toward desired states. IMPORTANCE Utilizing plant microbiota to promote plant growth and plant health is key to more environmentally friendly agriculture. A major bottleneck in the engineering of plant-beneficial microbial communities is the low persistence of applied microbes under filed conditions, especially considering plant leaves. Indeed, although many leaf-associated microorganisms have the potential to promote plant growth and protect plants from pathogens, few of them are able to survive and thrive over time. In our study, we could show that leaf microbial communities are very variable at the beginning of the plant growing season but become more and more similar and less variable as the season progresses. We further identify a cohort of 19 "core" microbes, systematically present on plant leaves that would make these microbes exceptional candidates for future agricultural applications. Utilizing plant microbiota to promote plant growth and plant health is key to more environmentally friendly agriculture. A major bottleneck in the engineering of plant-beneficial microbial communities is the low persistence of applied microbes under filed conditions, especially considering plant leaves.
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Dates and versions

hal-03747665 , version 1 (26-09-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Juliana Almario, Maryam Mahmoudi, Samuel Kroll, Mathew Agler, Aleksandra Placzek, et al.. The Leaf Microbiome of Arabidopsis Displays Reproducible Dynamics and Patterns throughout the Growing Season. mBio, 2022, 13 (3), ⟨10.1128/mbio.02825-21⟩. ⟨hal-03747665⟩
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