Heredity and genetic mapping of domestication-related traits in a temperate japonica weedy rice - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics Year : 2001

Heredity and genetic mapping of domestication-related traits in a temperate japonica weedy rice

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Abstract

Rice is often found as various weedy forms in temperate or newly cultivated rice growing regions throughout the world. The emergence of these forms in the absence of true wild rice remains unclear. A genetic analysis of domestication-related traits (weed syndrome) has been conducted to better understand the appearance of these plants in rice fields. A doubled haploid (DH) population was derived from a cross between a japonica variety and a weedy plant collected in Camargue (France) to set up a genetic linkage map consisting of 68 SSR and 31 AFLP loci. Five qualitative traits related to pigmentation of different organs and 15 developmental and morphological quantitative traits were scored for genes and QTLs mapping. Despite a good reactivity in anther culture and a high fertility of the DH lines, segregation distortions were observed on chromosomal segments bearing gametophytic and sterility genes and corresponded to various QTLs evidenced in indica x japonica distant Crosses. Mapping of the coloration genes was found to be in agreement with the presence of several genes previously identified and according to the genetic model governing the synthesis and distribution of anthocyan pigment in the plant. In addition, the main specific traits of weedy forms revealed the same genes/QTLs as progeny derived from a cross between Oryza sativa and its wild progenitor O. rufipogon. A large variation for most characters was found in the DH population, including transgressive variation. Significant correlations were observed between morphology and traits related to weeds and corresponded to a distinct colocalization of most of the QTLs on a limited number of chromosomal regions. The significance of these results on the origin of weedy forms and the de-domestication process is discussed.
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hal-03754299 , version 1 (19-08-2022)

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C. Bres-Patry, M. Lorieux, G. Clément, M. Bangratz, A. Ghesquière. Heredity and genetic mapping of domestication-related traits in a temperate japonica weedy rice. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 2001, 102 (1), pp.118-126. ⟨10.1007/s001220051626⟩. ⟨hal-03754299⟩

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