The seed germination spectrum of 528 plant species: a global meta-regression in relation to temperature and water potential - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles BioRxiv Year : 2022

The seed germination spectrum of 528 plant species: a global meta-regression in relation to temperature and water potential

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Abstract

The germination niche of plant species depends primarily on the seeds' responsiveness to temperature and water potential. However, to appreciate future climate risks to natural regeneration through germination, a global level synthesis across species is needed. We performed a meta-regression of primary data from 377 studies on 528 species, including trees, grasses, crops and wild species, to determine patterns and co-correlants in the cardinal values that define species' germination niche. A negative correlation was found between thermal time and base temperature, and positive correlations between other cardinal temperatures and base temperature. Mean values of thermal time indicate that annual crops germinate more rapidly compared to wild species, potentially as a consequence of domestication, and tropical tree seeds the slowest. Dryland species (Cactaceae and Agavaceae) have the widest upper thermal and lower moisture niche, indicative of an ability to grow under harsh conditions, while forages have the narrowest thermal and moisture niche, suggesting higher sensitivity to frost or drought. We propose a new conceptual framework for understanding germination niche as shaped by thermal and moisture traits. Our database represents a unique source of information to further determine the vegetation boundaries of wild or cultivated species, including within simulation studies on plant species adaptations under changing land-use and climate.
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hal-03764297 , version 1 (30-08-2022)

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Attribution - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Keyvan Maleki, Elias Soltani, Charlotte Seal, Hugh W. Pritchard, Jay Ram Lamichhane. The seed germination spectrum of 528 plant species: a global meta-regression in relation to temperature and water potential. BioRxiv, In press, 25p. ⟨10.1101/2022.08.24.504107⟩. ⟨hal-03764297⟩
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