Application of dry olive residue-based biochar in combination with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhances the microbial status of metal contaminated soils - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

Application of dry olive residue-based biochar in combination with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhances the microbial status of metal contaminated soils

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Abstract

Biochar made-up of dry olive residue (DOR), a biomass resulting from the olive oil extraction industry, has been proposed to be used as a reclamation agent for the recovery of metal contaminated soils. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the soil application of DOR-based biochar alone or in combination with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) leads to an enhancement in the functionality and abundance of microbial communities inhabiting metal contaminated soils. To study that, a greenhouse microcosm experiment was carried out, where the effect of the factors (i) soil application of DOR-based biochar, (ii) biochar pyrolysis temperature (considering the variants 350 and 500 °C), (iii) soil application dose of biochar (2 and 5%), (iv) soil contamination level (slightly, moderately and highly polluted), (v) soil treatment time (30, 60 and 90 days) and (vi) soil inoculation with Funneliformis mosseae (AM fungus) on β-glucosidase and dehydrogenase activities, FA (fatty acid)-based abundance of soil microbial communities, soil glomalin content and AMF root colonization rates of the wheat plants growing in each microcosm were evaluated. Biochar soil amendment did not stimulate enzyme activities but increased microbial abundances. Dehydrogenase activity and microbial abundances were found to be higher in less contaminated soils and at shorter treatment times. Biochar pyrolysis temperature and application dose differently affected enzyme activities, but while the first factor did not have a significant effect on glucosidase and dehydrogenase, a higher biochar dose resulted in boosted microbial abundances. Soil inoculation with F. mosseae favored the proliferation of soil AMF community and increased soil glomalin content as well as rates of AMF root colonization. This factor also interacted with many of the others evaluated to significantly affect soil enzyme activities, microbial abundances and AMF community. Our results indicate that the application of DOR-based biochar along with AMF fungi is an appropriate approach to improve the status of microbial communities in soils with a moderate metal contamination at short-term.
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Dates and versions

hal-03766588 , version 1 (01-09-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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José A Siles, Inmaculada García-Romera, Tomas Cajthaml, Jorge Belloc, Gloria Silva-Castro, et al.. Application of dry olive residue-based biochar in combination with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi enhances the microbial status of metal contaminated soils. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.12690. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-17075-5⟩. ⟨hal-03766588⟩
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