Streptococcus agalactiae imports spermidine by a member of the amino acid/polyamine antiporter family to endure citric acid stress at the vaginal pH - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Microbiology Year : 2022

Streptococcus agalactiae imports spermidine by a member of the amino acid/polyamine antiporter family to endure citric acid stress at the vaginal pH

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Abstract

Polyamines bind to various cellular components, such as nucleic acids, phospholipids, proteins and nucleotides. They are involved in the virulence and protection against physiological stresses of several bacterial species. Streptococcus agalactiae is able to colonize the vaginal tract of asymptomatic pregnant women and to resist, by an as yet poorly characterized mechanism, pH 4.0, the low physiological pH of this environment. We identified a transporter of the amino acid/polyamine antiporter family (SAK_1604 in strain A909) that shares 39.8 % similar amino acids with CadB and 34.7 % with PotE, two transporters implicated in acid resistance in Escherichia coli . We found that sak_1604 is overexpressed in the presence of spermidine and during citric acid stress at the vaginal pH, but not during lactic acid or HCl stresses at the same pH or during a sodium citrate stress at pH 7.4. Dihydrogen citrate is the predominant form of citric acid at pH 4.0. Using a deletion mutant, we proved that SAK_1604 is involved in the survival of S. agalactiae during citric acid stress at pH 4.0 in the presence of spermidine, and we showed by TLC analysis that it is involved in spermidine transport in these conditions. Our data open new perspectives on the comprehension of the molecular mechanisms allowing S. agalactiae to survive at the physiological pH of the vagina and on the unsuspected role of an ionic form of citric acid.
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Dates and versions

hal-03769762 , version 1 (05-09-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Sarah Khazaal, Rim Al Safadi, Dani Osman, Aurélia Hiron, Philippe Gilot. Streptococcus agalactiae imports spermidine by a member of the amino acid/polyamine antiporter family to endure citric acid stress at the vaginal pH. Microbiology, 2022, 168 (8), pp.001219. ⟨10.1099/mic.0.001219⟩. ⟨hal-03769762⟩
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