Thorough investigation of non-volatile substances extractible from inner coatings of metallic cans and their occurrence in the canned vegetables - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Hazardous Materials Year : 2022

Thorough investigation of non-volatile substances extractible from inner coatings of metallic cans and their occurrence in the canned vegetables

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Abstract

Since the decline of the use of bisphenol A, the chemistry of the varnishes and coatings which are applied to the inner surfaces of metallic food contact materials is poorly documented. We hypothesised that can coatings are now diverse and bring forth various non-intentionally added substances (NIAS) to be described. Investigating complex components such as NIAS requires demanding non-targeted approaches. We investigated the coatings of 12 vegetable cans from the French market. More than 125 substances were pinpointed, among them 84 oligoester combinations from 8 diols and 4 diacids. Thus, oligoesters were the dominant family. Additives such as epoxidised soybean oil, bisphenol A diglycidyl ether and benzoguanamine derivatives and phenol-formaldehyde oligomers were also identified. A software for exploring databases of theoretical combinations of polyester and phenol-formaldehyde resin components (NIAS-db 1.0) was made available. The stepwise organic synthesis of native and deuterated combinations of neopentyl glycol and isophthalic acid (4 and 8 units, linear and cyclic) enabled a higher confidence level and monitoring in vegetable extracts. Migration of oligoesters averaged 330 µg/kg in the drained vegetables (43–1600 µg/kg). This study sheds light on the need to fulfil a proper risk assessment on this NIAS family (exposure and hazard characterisation).

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Dates and versions

hal-03773907 , version 1 (15-11-2022)

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Ronan Cariou, Matthieu Rivière, Sébastien Hutinet, Asmaa Tebbaa, Didier Dubreuil, et al.. Thorough investigation of non-volatile substances extractible from inner coatings of metallic cans and their occurrence in the canned vegetables. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2022, 435 (129026), pp.1-45. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.129026⟩. ⟨hal-03773907⟩
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