Most diverse, most neglected: weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) are ubiquitous specialized brood-site pollinators of tropical flora - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... (Preprint) Year :

Most diverse, most neglected: weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) are ubiquitous specialized brood-site pollinators of tropical flora

(1, 2) , (1) , (3)
1
2
3

Abstract

In tropical environments, and especially tropical rainforests, a major part of pollination services is provided by diverse insect lineages. Unbeknownst to most, beetles, and more specifically hyperdiverse weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea), play a substantial role there as specialist mutualist brood pollinators. The latter contrasts with a common view where they are only regarded as plant antagonists. This study aims at giving a comprehensive understanding of what is known on plant-weevil mutualist interactions, through a review of the known reciprocal behavioral, morphological and physiological adaptations found in plant-weevil systems, and the identification of potential knowledge gaps to fill. To date, plant-weevil associations have been described or indicated in no less than 600 instances. Representatives of all major plant lineages (gymnosperms, angiosperms monocots and dicots) are involved in these interactions, which have emerged independently at least a dozen times. Strikingly, these mutualistic interactions have led to a range of multiple convergent adaptations in plants and weevils. Plants engaged in weevil-mediated pollination are generally of typical cantharophilous type and they also show specific structures to host the larval stages of their specialist pollinators. Another characteristic feature is that flowers often perform thermogenesis and exhibit a range of strategies to separate sexual phases, either physically for chronologically. Conversely, lineages of brood-site weevil pollinators present numerous behavioral and physiological adaptations, and often form multispecific assemblages of closely related species on a single host; recent studies also revealed that they generally display a high degree of phylogenetic niche conservatism. This pollination mutualism occurs in all tropical regions, and the contrasts between the known and expected diversity of these systems suggests that a wide range of interactions remain to be described globally. Our early estimates of the species richness of the corresponding weevil clades and the marked pattern of phylogenetic niche conservatism of host use further suggest that weevil-based pollination far exceeds the diversity of other brood-site mutualistic systems, which are generally restricted to one or a few groups of plants. As such, weevil pollinators constitute a relevant model to explore the emergence and evolution of specialized brood-site pollination systems in the tropics.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Preprint Haran et al. Review weevil pollination tropics.pdf (1.69 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03780127 , version 1 (19-09-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03780127 , version 1

Cite

Julien Haran, Gael J. Kergoat, Bruno A. S. de Medeiros. Most diverse, most neglected: weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) are ubiquitous specialized brood-site pollinators of tropical flora. 2022. ⟨hal-03780127⟩
64 View
44 Download

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More