Dietary Inulin Supplementation Affects Specific Plasmalogen Species in the Brain - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nutrients Year : 2022

Dietary Inulin Supplementation Affects Specific Plasmalogen Species in the Brain

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Benoit Chassaing

Abstract

Plasmalogens (Pls) are glycerophospholipids that play critical roles in the brain. Evidence supports the role of diet and that of the gut microbiota in regulating brain lipids. We investigated the impact of dietary intake of inulin—a soluble fiber used as prebiotic—on the Pl content of the cortex in mice. No global modification in the Pl amounts was observed when evaluated by gas chromatographic analysis of dimethyl acetals (DMAs). However, the analysis of individual molecular species of Pls by liquid chromatography revealed a reduced abundance of major species of ethanolamine Pls (PlsEtn)―PE(P-18:0/22:6) and PE(P-34:1)―in the cortex of mice fed a diet supplemented with inulin. DMA and expression levels of genes (Far-1, Gnpat, Agps, Pla2g6 and Tmem86b) encoding key enzymes of Pl biosynthesis or degradation were not altered in the liver and in the cortex of mice exposed to inulin. In addition, the fatty acid profile and the amount of lyso forms derived from PlsEtn were not modified in the cortex by inulin consumption. To conclude, inulin affects the brain levels of major PlsEtn and further investigation is needed to determine the exact molecular mechanisms involved.
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hal-03780335 , version 1 (26-12-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Jean-Baptiste Bizeau, Mayssa Albouery, Stéphane Grégoire, Bénédicte Buteau, Lucy Martine, et al.. Dietary Inulin Supplementation Affects Specific Plasmalogen Species in the Brain. Nutrients, 2022, 14 (15), pp.3097. ⟨10.3390/nu14153097⟩. ⟨hal-03780335⟩
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