Involvement of the Wnt pathway in BVDV cytopathogenic strain replication in primary bovine cells - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Virology Journal Year : 2022

Involvement of the Wnt pathway in BVDV cytopathogenic strain replication in primary bovine cells

(1, 2) , (2) , (2) , (3) , (1) , (2)
1
2
3

Abstract

Abstract Background Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 ( BVDV-1 ) of the pestivirus genus is an economically crippling virus in the cattle industry; this positive RNA virus causes mucosal disease resulting in reproductive losses and other disease syndromes. The pathogenesis mechanism of the disease caused by BVDV infection is not well understood; for a better understanding of in vivo host BVDV-1 interactions, we conducted a transcriptomic study of infected cells at different times post-infection. Methods We compared the permissiveness and cellular response of a BVDV-1 cytopathogenic strain on Madin-Darby Bovine Kidney cells (MDBK) and bovine lung primary cells, a model closer to in vivo infection. Then a RNAseq analysis was realized on the infected bovine lung primary cells, at 10 hpi and 30 hpi (hours post-infection), to identify transcriptomic signatures. Results RNAseq analysis on BVDV-1 infected bovine primary cells showed 2,759 and 5,376 differentially expressed genes at respectively 10 hpi and 30 hpi with an absolute Fold Change ≥ 2. Among the different pathways deregulated, data analysis revealed a deregulation of Wnt signaling pathway, a conserved process that play a critical role in embryogenesis, cellular proliferation, and differentiation as well as in viral responses against viruses such as Influenza or Hepatitis C. We demonstrated here that the deregulation of the Wnt/βcatenin signaling pathway plays a role in viral replication of BVDV cp strain. Interestingly, we showed that the inhibition of this Wnt pathway using two inhibitors, FZM1 and iCRT14, induced a delay in onset of the establishment of a cytopathic effect of primary cells. Conclusions Thereby, this study highlighted a role of the Wnt signaling pathway in the BVDV-1 viral replication in bovine cells, suggesting an interesting option to explore as a new therapeutic target.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2022_La Polla__Virol _J.pdf (2.22 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03788382 , version 1 (26-09-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Rémi La Polla, Marie-Claire Testard, Océane Garcia, Abdelghafar Goumaidi, Catherine Legras-Lachuer, et al.. Involvement of the Wnt pathway in BVDV cytopathogenic strain replication in primary bovine cells. Virology Journal, 2022, 19 (1), pp.134. ⟨10.1186/s12985-022-01863-6⟩. ⟨hal-03788382⟩
32 View
1 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More