Cryptic splice site poisoning and meiotic arrest caused by a homozygous frameshift mutation in RBMXL2 : A case report - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Andrologia Year : 2022

Cryptic splice site poisoning and meiotic arrest caused by a homozygous frameshift mutation in RBMXL2 : A case report

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Abstract

Gene expression in meiotic cells in the testis is characterized by intense transcriptional activity and alternative splicing. These processes are mainly controlled by RNA-binding proteins expressed strongly in germ cells. Functional impairments in any of these proteins' functions can lead to defects in meiosis and thus severe male infertility. Here, we have identified a homozygous frameshift mutation (NM_014469.4:c.301dup; p.Ser101LysfsTer29) in the RNA-binding motif protein, X-linked like 2 (RBMXL2) gene in a man with an azoospermia due to meiotic arrest. As RBMXL2 is known to be crucial for safeguarding the meiotic transcriptome in mice testes, we hypothesized that this variant leads to cryptic splice site poisoning. To determine the variant's impact on spermatogenesis, we confirmed the absence of RBMXL2 protein in the patient's testis tissue and then evidenced abnormal expression of several spermatogenesis proteins (e.g. meiosis-specific with coiled-coil domain) known to be altered in rbmxl2 knock-out mice with meiotic arrest. Our results indicate that RBMXL2's function in spermatogenesis is conserved in mammals. We hypothesize that deleterious variant in the RBMXL2 gene can result in male infertility and complete meiotic arrest, due to the disruption of gene expression by cryptic splice site poisoning.
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Dates and versions

hal-03791691 , version 1 (29-09-2022)

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Farah Ghieh, Vincent Izard, Marine Poulain, Johanne Fortemps, Nadia Kazdar, et al.. Cryptic splice site poisoning and meiotic arrest caused by a homozygous frameshift mutation in RBMXL2 : A case report. Andrologia, 2022, ⟨10.1111/and.14595⟩. ⟨hal-03791691⟩
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