The Rice ILI2 Locus Is a Bidirectional Target of the African Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Major Transcription Activator-like Effector TalC but Does Not Contribute to Disease Susceptibility - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

The Rice ILI2 Locus Is a Bidirectional Target of the African Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Major Transcription Activator-like Effector TalC but Does Not Contribute to Disease Susceptibility

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Abstract

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) strains that cause bacterial leaf blight (BLB) limit rice (Oryza sativa) production and require breeding more resistant varieties. Transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) activate transcription to promote leaf colonization by binding to specific plant host DNA sequences termed effector binding elements (EBEs). Xoo major TALEs universally target susceptibility genes of the SWEET transporter family. TALE-unresponsive alleles of clade III OsSWEET susceptibility gene promoter created with genome editing confer broad resistance on Asian Xoo strains. African Xoo strains rely primarily on the major TALE TalC, which targets OsSWEET14. Although the virulence of a talC mutant strain is severely impaired, abrogating OsSWEET14 induction with genome editing does not confer equivalent resistance on African Xoo. To address this contradiction, we postulated the existence of a TalC target susceptibility gene redundant with OsSWEET14. Bioinformatics analysis identified a rice locus named ATAC composed of the INCREASED LEAF INCLINATION 2 (ILI2) gene and a putative lncRNA that are shown to be bidirectionally upregulated in a TalC-dependent fashion. Gain-of-function approaches with designer TALEs inducing ATAC sequences did not complement the virulence of a Xoo strain defective for SWEET gene activation. While editing the TalC EBE at the ATAC loci compromised TalC-mediated induction, multiplex edited lines with mutations at the OsSWEET14 and ATAC loci remained essentially susceptible to African Xoo strains. Overall, this work indicates that ATAC is a probable TalC off-target locus but nonetheless documents the first example of divergent transcription activation by a native TALE during infection.
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hal-03792311 , version 1 (30-09-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Hinda Doucouré, Florence Auguy, Servane Blanvillain-Baufumé, Sandrine Fabre, Marc Gabriel, et al.. The Rice ILI2 Locus Is a Bidirectional Target of the African Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Major Transcription Activator-like Effector TalC but Does Not Contribute to Disease Susceptibility. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (10), pp.5559. ⟨10.3390/ijms23105559⟩. ⟨hal-03792311⟩
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