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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2021

From Short- to Long-Term Effects of C-Section Delivery on Microbiome Establishment and Host Health

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Abstract

The establishment of gut microbiota has been proven to be impacted by several factors during pregnancy, delivery, and neonate periods. The body of evidence describing C-section delivery (CSD) as one of the most disruptive events during early life has expanded in recent years, concluding that CSD results in a drastic change in microbiota establishment patterns. When comparing the gut microbiota composition of CSD babies with vaginally delivered (VD) babies, the former show a microbiome that closely resembles that found in the environment and the mother’s skin, while VD babies show a microbiome more similar to the vaginal microbiome. Although these alterations of normal gut microbiota establishment tend to disappear during the first months of life, they still affect host health in the mid–long term since CSD has been correlated with a higher risk of early life infections and non-transmissible diseases, such as inflammatory diseases, allergies, and metabolic diseases. In recent years, this phenomenon has also been studied in other mammals, shedding light on the mechanisms involved in the effects of a CSD on host health. In addition, strategies to revert the disruptions in gut microbiomes caused by a CSD are currently in the process of development and evaluation. In this review, we discuss the recent advances in CSD research, from the alteration of gut microbiota establishment to the possible effects on host health during early life and development.

Dates and versions

hal-03793764 , version 1 (01-10-2022)

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David Ríos-Covian, Philippe Langella, Rebeca Martín. From Short- to Long-Term Effects of C-Section Delivery on Microbiome Establishment and Host Health. Microorganisms, 2021, 9 (10), pp.2122. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms9102122⟩. ⟨hal-03793764⟩
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