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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

Selection of a novel strain of Christensenella minuta as a future biotherapy for Crohn’s disease

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Abstract

Microbiome-based therapies for inflammatory bowel diseases offer a novel and promising therapeutic approach. The human commensal bacteria of the species Christensenella minuta ( C. minuta ) have been reported consistently missing in patients affected by Crohn’s disease (CD) and have been documented to induce anti-inflammatory effects in human epithelial cells, supporting their potential as a novel biotherapy. This work aimed at selecting the most promising strain of C. minuta for future development as a clinical candidate for CD therapy. Here, we describe a complete screening process combining in vitro and in vivo assays to conduct a rational selection of a live strain of C. minuta with strong immunomodulatory properties. Starting from a collection of 32 strains, a panel of in vitro screening assays was used to narrow it down to five preclinical candidates that were further screened in vivo in an acute TNBS-induced rat colitis model. The most promising candidate was validated in vivo in two mouse models of colitis. The validated clinical candidate strain, C. minuta DSM 33715, was then fully characterized. Hence, applying a rationally designed screening algorithm, a novel strain of C. minuta was successfully identified as the most promising clinical candidate for CD.

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hal-03793772 , version 1 (01-10-2022)

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Karima Relizani, Katy Le Corf, Camille Kropp, Rebeca Martin-Rosique, Déborah Kissi, et al.. Selection of a novel strain of Christensenella minuta as a future biotherapy for Crohn’s disease. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.6017. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-10015-3⟩. ⟨hal-03793772⟩
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