Mining the equine gut metagenome: poorly-characterized taxa associated with cardiovascular fitness in endurance athletes - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Communications Biology Year : 2022

Mining the equine gut metagenome: poorly-characterized taxa associated with cardiovascular fitness in endurance athletes

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Sébastien Leclercq
Céline Robert
Guillaume Sallé
Eric Barrey

Abstract

Emerging evidence indicates that the gut microbiome contributes to endurance exercise performance. Still, the extent of its functional and metabolic potential remains unknown. Using elite endurance horses as a model system for exercise responsiveness, we built an integrated horse gut gene catalog comprising ~25 million unique genes and 372 metagenome-assembled genomes. This catalog represents 4179 genera spanning 95 phyla and functional capacities primed to exploit energy from dietary, microbial, and host resources. The holo-omics approach shows that gut microbiomes enriched in Lachnospiraceae taxa are negatively associated with cardiovascular capacity. Conversely, more complex and functionally diverse microbiomes are associated with higher glucose concentrations and reduced accumulation of long-chain acylcarnitines and non-esterified fatty acids in plasma, suggesting increased ß-oxidation capacity in the mitochondria. In line with this hypothesis, more fit athletes show upregulation of mitochondrial-related genes involved in energy metabolism, biogenesis, and Ca 2+ cytosolic transport, all of which are necessary to improve aerobic work power, spare glycogen usage, and enhance cardiovascular capacity. The results identify an associative link between endurance performance and gut microbiome composition and gene function, laying the basis for nutritional interventions that could benefit horse athletes.
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Dates and versions

hal-03794437 , version 1 (02-09-2022)
hal-03794437 , version 2 (03-10-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Núria Mach, Cédric Midoux, Sébastien Leclercq, Samuel Pennarun, Laurence Le Moyec, et al.. Mining the equine gut metagenome: poorly-characterized taxa associated with cardiovascular fitness in endurance athletes. Communications Biology, 2022, 5, pp.1032. ⟨10.1038/s42003-022-03977-7⟩. ⟨hal-03794437v2⟩
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