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Journal Articles Exploration of Neuroprotective Therapy Year : 2021

Gut microbial imbalance and neurodegenerative proteinopathies: from molecular mechanisms to prospects of clinical applications

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1
Paula Alonso-García
  • Function : Author
Eva Martínez-Pinilla

Abstract

The pathogenic basis behind some of the most prevalent neurodegenerative diseases in advanced societies, known as proteinopathies, deals with alterations in protein homeostasis. Despite the broad diversity of clinical symptoms, they share a remarkably common feature that is the serious neuronal loss in several disease-specific brain regions due to the presence of toxic aggregations of misfolded proteins. So far, research efforts have been insufficient to decipher the exact molecular mechanisms that trigger the conformational change from a functional healthy protein to its pathological version. This is a sine qua non condition to progress in developing new approaches and treatments for these diseases for which there is no cure. Currently, it is well accepted that perturbations in gut microbiota composition negatively impact a wide range of brain processes via the gut-brain axis which increases host susceptibility to neurodegenerative disorders. In this context, modulate the microbial ecosystem colonizing the gastrointestinal tract may be a promising therapeutic approach in the management of proteinopathies. This review aims to provide an updated view of the role that gut microbiota poses in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and Huntington’s disease, the most common neurodegenerative proteinopathies, and of the possibility of translating this knowledge into effective and safe clinical microbiota-based interventions, especially those designed to afford neuroprotection.

Dates and versions

hal-03798298 , version 1 (05-10-2022)

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Paula Alonso-García, Rebeca Martín, Eva Martínez-Pinilla. Gut microbial imbalance and neurodegenerative proteinopathies: from molecular mechanisms to prospects of clinical applications. Exploration of Neuroprotective Therapy, 2021, ⟨10.37349/ent.2021.00005⟩. ⟨hal-03798298⟩
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