Grapefruit Juice Flavanones Modulate the Expression of Genes Regulating Inflammation, Cell Interactions and Vascular Function in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Postmenopausal Women - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in nutrition Year : 2022

Grapefruit Juice Flavanones Modulate the Expression of Genes Regulating Inflammation, Cell Interactions and Vascular Function in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Postmenopausal Women

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Abstract

Grapefruit is a rich source of flavanones, phytochemicals suggested excreting vasculoprotective effects. We previously showed that flavanones in grapefruit juice (GFJ) reduced postmenopausal women’s pulse-wave velocity (PWV), a measure of arterial stiffness. However, mechanisms of flavanone action in humans are largely unknown. This study aimed to decipher molecular mechanisms of flavanones by multi-omics analysis in PBMCs of volunteers consuming GFJ and flavanone-free control drink for 6 months. Modulated genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) were identified using microarrays. Bioinformatics analyses assessed their functions, interactions and correlations with previously observed changes in PWV. GFJ modified gene and miRNA expressions. Integrated analysis of modulated genes and miRNA-target genes suggests regulation of inflammation, immune response, cell interaction and mobility. Bioinformatics identified putative mediators of the observed nutrigenomic effect (STAT3, NF-κB) and molecular docking demonstrated potential binding of flavanone metabolites to transcription factors and cell-signaling proteins. We also observed 34 significant correlations between changes in gene expression and PWV. Moreover, global gene expression was negatively correlated with gene expression profiles in arterial stiffness and hypertension. This study revealed molecular mechanisms underlying vasculoprotective effects of flavanones, including interactions with transcription factors and gene and miRNA expression changes that inversely correlate with gene expression profiles associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Clinical Trial Registration [ ClinicalTrials.gov ], identifier [NCT01272167].
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hal-03813111 , version 1 (13-10-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Irena Krga, Karla Fabiola Corral-Jara, Nicolas Barber-Chamoux, Claude Dubray, Christine Morand, et al.. Grapefruit Juice Flavanones Modulate the Expression of Genes Regulating Inflammation, Cell Interactions and Vascular Function in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Postmenopausal Women. Frontiers in nutrition, 2022, 9, ⟨10.3389/fnut.2022.907595⟩. ⟨hal-03813111⟩
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