The first use of morphologically isolated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi single-species from Moroccan ecosystems to improve growth, nutrients uptake and photosynthesis in Ceratonia siliqua seedlings under nursery conditions. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences Year : 2022

The first use of morphologically isolated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi single-species from Moroccan ecosystems to improve growth, nutrients uptake and photosynthesis in Ceratonia siliqua seedlings under nursery conditions.

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Abstract

The carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is an important component in semi-arid Mediterranean ecosystems, particularly in Morocco where it plays a considerable socioeconomic role. This species is widely used in the reforestation programmes and in the rehabilitation of degraded soils serving both environmental and socioeconomic objectives. In spite of these assets, this species is suffering the particular climatic conditions, rare and irregular rains, long hot and dry summers, generally, leading to desertification processes. To withstand these contrasting conditions, selected arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) were tested for their contribution to the growth, nutrient uptake and photosynthesis improvement of the carob tree C. siliqua under nursery conditions. The objective of this study was, to evaluate the effects of some arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi complexes isolated in different Mediterranean ecosystems compared to single-species isolates selected using morphological tools on the growth, mineral nutrition, and chlorophyll content of C. siliqua seedlings. The results indicate that all the used AMF inocula stimulated significantly the height of C. siliqua seedlings after eight months under nursery conditions. An increase in plant height between 33% and 70% compared to a control without inoculation was recorded. Similarly, the aerial dry weight recorded an increase of 62% to 124% comparing inoculated and non-inoculated seedlings. The root dry weight has shown an increase rate of 24% to 86% compared to the control. The analysis of mineral contents in plant tissues, showed a highly significant increase in P. N. K. Ca and Mg levels of the aerial parts compared to the control. A significant increase in chlorophyll contents was noticed when inoculated seedlings were compared to non-inoculated ones. This study had confirmed the importance of AMF improving the growth of C. siliqua seedlings; the AMF complexes remain to have the important growth and mineral nutrition responses. However some single-species have shown similar magnitude to the complexes for all analysed parameters. A large biofertilizer potential of the single-species isolates in the inoculation of C. siliqua is demonstrated for the first time.
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hal-03829612 , version 1 (25-10-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives - CC BY 4.0

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Elmostapha Outamamat, Hanane Dounas, Faissal Aziz, Adnane Barguaz, Robin Duponnois, et al.. The first use of morphologically isolated arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi single-species from Moroccan ecosystems to improve growth, nutrients uptake and photosynthesis in Ceratonia siliqua seedlings under nursery conditions.. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2022, 29 (4), pp.2121-2130. ⟨10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.11.049⟩. ⟨hal-03829612⟩
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