Diverse Roles for a Conserved DNA-Methyltransferase in the Entomopathogenic Bacterium Xenorhabdus - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Diverse Roles for a Conserved DNA-Methyltransferase in the Entomopathogenic Bacterium Xenorhabdus

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Abstract

In bacteria, DNA-methyltransferase are responsible for DNA methylation of specific motifs in the genome. This methylation usually occurs at a very high rate. In the present study, we studied the MTases encoding genes found in the entomopathogenic bacteria Xenorhabdus. Only one persistent MTase was identified in the various species of this genus. This MTase, also broadly conserved in numerous Gram-negative bacteria, is called Dam: DNA-adenine MTase. Methylome analysis confirmed that the GATC motifs recognized by Dam were methylated at a rate of >99% in the studied strains. The observed enrichment of unmethylated motifs in putative promoter regions of the X. nematophila F1 strain suggests the possibility of epigenetic regulations. The overexpression of the Dam MTase responsible for additional motifs to be methylated was associated with impairment of two major phenotypes: motility, caused by a downregulation of flagellar genes, and hemolysis. However, our results suggest that dam overexpression did not modify the virulence properties of X. nematophila. This study increases the knowledge on the diverse roles played by MTases in bacteria.
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hal-03832443 , version 1 (27-10-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Nadège Ginibre, Ludovic Legrand, Victoria Bientz, Jean-Claude Ogier, Anne Lanois, et al.. Diverse Roles for a Conserved DNA-Methyltransferase in the Entomopathogenic Bacterium Xenorhabdus. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (19), 20 p. ⟨10.3390/ijms231911981⟩. ⟨hal-03832443⟩
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