On the equivalence between marker effect models and breeding value models and direct genomic values with the Algorithm for Proven and Young - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Genetics Selection Evolution Year : 2022

On the equivalence between marker effect models and breeding value models and direct genomic values with the Algorithm for Proven and Young

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Abstract

Abstract Background Single-step genomic predictions obtained from a breeding value model require calculating the inverse of the genomic relationship matrix $$({\mathbf{G}}^{-1})$$ ( G - 1 ) . The Algorithm for Proven and Young (APY) creates a sparse representation of $${\mathbf{G}}^{-1}$$ G - 1 with a low computational cost. APY consists of selecting a group of core animals and expressing the breeding values of the remaining animals as a linear combination of those from the core animals plus an error term. The objectives of this study were to: (1) extend APY to marker effects models; (2) derive equations for marker effect estimates when APY is used for breeding value models, and (3) show the implication of selecting a specific group of core animals in terms of a marker effects model. Results We derived a family of marker effects models called APY-SNP-BLUP. It differs from the classic marker effects model in that the row space of the genotype matrix is reduced and an error term is fitted for non-core animals. We derived formulas for marker effect estimates that take this error term in account. The prediction error variance (PEV) of the marker effect estimates depends on the PEV for core animals but not directly on the PEV of the non-core animals. We extended the APY-SNP-BLUP to include a residual polygenic effect and accommodate non-genotyped animals. We show that selecting a specific group of core animals is equivalent to select a subspace of the row space of the genotype matrix. As the number of core animals increases, subspaces corresponding to different sets of core animals tend to overlap, showing that random selection of core animals is algebraically justified. Conclusions The APY-(ss)GBLUP models can be expressed in terms of marker effect models. When the number of core animals is equal to the rank of the genotype matrix, APY-SNP-BLUP is identical to the classic marker effects model. If the number of core animals is less than the rank of the genotype matrix, genotypes for non-core animals are imputed as a linear combination of the genotypes of the core animals. For estimating SNP effects, only relationships and estimated breeding values for core animals are needed.
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Dates and versions

hal-03863407 , version 1 (21-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Matias Bermann, Daniela Lourenco, Natalia S Forneris, Andres Legarra, Ignacy Misztal. On the equivalence between marker effect models and breeding value models and direct genomic values with the Algorithm for Proven and Young. Genetics Selection Evolution, 2022, 54 (1), pp.52. ⟨10.1186/s12711-022-00741-7⟩. ⟨hal-03863407⟩
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