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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

The g3mclass is a practical software for multiclass classification on biomarkers

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Serguei Sokol

Abstract

The analytes qualified as biomarkers are potent tools to diagnose various diseases, monitor therapy responses, and design therapeutic interventions. The early assessment of the diverseness of human disease is essential for the speedy and cost-efficient implementation of personalized medicine. We developed g3mclass, the Gaussian mixture modeling software for molecular assay data classification. This software automates the validated multiclass classifier applicable to single analyte tests and multiplexing assays. The g3mclass achieves automation using the original semi-constrained expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm that allows inference from the test, control, and query data that human experts cannot interpret. In this study, we used real-world clinical data and gene expression datasets (ERBB2, ESR1, PGR) to provide examples of how g3mclass may help overcome the problems of over-/underdiagnosis and equivocal results in diagnostic tests for breast cancer. We showed the g3mclass output's accuracy, robustness, scalability, and interpretability. The user-friendly interface and free dissemination of this multi-platform software aim to ease its use by research laboratories, biomedical pharma, companion diagnostic developers, and healthcare regulators. Furthermore, the g3mclass automatic extracting information through probabilistic modeling is adaptable for blending with machine learning and artificial intelligence.
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hal-03871296 , version 1 (25-11-2022)

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Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Marina A. Guvakova, Serguei Sokol. The g3mclass is a practical software for multiclass classification on biomarkers. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.18742. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-23438-9⟩. ⟨hal-03871296⟩
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