Identification of Seven Additional Genome Segments of Grapevine-Associated Jivivirus 1 - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Viruses Year : 2023

Identification of Seven Additional Genome Segments of Grapevine-Associated Jivivirus 1

Abstract

Jiviruses are a group of recently described viruses characterized with a tripartite genome and having affinities with Virgaviridae (RNA1 and 2) and Flaviviridae (RNA3). Using a combination of high-throughput sequencing, datamining and RT-PCR approaches, we demonstrate here that in grapevine samples infected by grapevine-associated jivivirus 1 (GaJV-1) up to 7 additional molecules can be consistently detected with conserved 5′ and 3′ non-coding regions in common with the three previously identified GaJV-1 genomic RNAs. RNA4, RNA5, RNA6, RNA7, RNA8 and RNA10, together with a recombinant RNArec7-8, are all members of a family sharing a previously non recognized conserved protein domain, while RNA9 is part of a distinct family characterized by another conserved motif. Datamining of pecan (Carya illinoinensis) public transcriptomic data allowed the identification of two further jiviviruses and the identification of supplementary genomic RNAs with homologies to those of GaJV-1. Taken together, these results reshape our vision of the divided genome of jiviviruses and raise novel questions about the function(s) of the proteins encoded by jiviviruses supplementary RNAs.
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hal-03915165 , version 1 (29-12-2022)

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Thierry Candresse, Laurence Svanella-Dumas, Armelle Marais, Flora Depasse, Chantal Faure, et al.. Identification of Seven Additional Genome Segments of Grapevine-Associated Jivivirus 1. Viruses, 2023, 15 (1), pp.39. ⟨10.3390/v15010039⟩. ⟨hal-03915165⟩
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