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Journal Articles Journal of Dairy Science Year : 2023

Deciphering the segregation of proteins in high-protein dairy powders after spray-drying

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Abstract

High-protein dairy powders are ingredients mainly produced by spray-drying, then subjected to aging during transport and storage. They often undergo physicochemical changes at this stage, such as the development of the Maillard reaction, primarily because of their intrinsic chemical properties, but also as a result of nonoptimal storage conditions. Components present at the particle surface are the first to be targeted by moisture and other environmental disruptions. Consequently, the identification, control, and prediction of particle surface components are useful to anticipate the effect of powder aging on product quality. Here, a new diafiltration method is proposed which fractionates proteins from a binary colloidal dispersion of 80% casein micelles and 20% whey proteins, according to their presence at the surface or core of the particle. This method shows that whey proteins are strongly enriched at the particle surface, whereas casein micelles are located at the core of the particles. This protocol also allows the identification of the rehydration kinetics for each rehydrated protein layer of the particle, revealing that 2 distinct forms of swelling occur: (1) a rapid swelling and elution of whey proteins present at the particle surface, and (2) a swelling of casein micelles located below the whey proteins, associated with a slow elution of casein micelles from the particles being rehydrated.
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Dates and versions

hal-03954478 , version 1 (24-01-2023)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

A. Paul, F. Martin, B. Simard, J. Scher, C. Gaiani, et al.. Deciphering the segregation of proteins in high-protein dairy powders after spray-drying. Journal of Dairy Science, 2023, 106 (2), pp.843-851. ⟨10.3168/jds.2022-22133⟩. ⟨hal-03954478⟩
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