Key research challenges to supporting farm transitions to agroecology in advanced economies. A review - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Agronomy for Sustainable Development Year : 2023

Key research challenges to supporting farm transitions to agroecology in advanced economies. A review

Guillaume Martin
Rémy Ballot
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Marie-Hélène Jeuffroy
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Margot Leclère
Chantal Loyce
Anne Merot
Nicolas Munier-Jolain
Sandra Novak
Rodolphe Sabatier
Quentin Toffolini

Abstract

In response to the sustainability issues that agriculture faces in advanced economies, agroecology has gained increasing relevance in scientific, political, and social debates. This has promoted discussion about transitions to agroecology, which represents a significant advancement. Accordingly, it has become a growing field of research. We reviewed the literature on and in support of farm transitions to agroecology in advanced economies in order to identify key research challenges and suggest innovative research paths. Our findings can be summarized as follows: (1) Research that supports exploration and definition of desired futures, whether based on future-oriented modeling or expert-based foresight approaches, should more explicitly include the farm level. It should stimulate the creativity and design ability of farmers and other stakeholders, and also address issues of representation and power among them. (2) Research that creates awareness and assesses farms before, during or after transition requires more holistic and dynamic assessment frameworks. These frameworks need to be more flexible to adapt to the diversity of global and local challenges. Their assessment should explicitly include uncertainty due to the feedback loops and emergent properties of transitions. (3) Research that analyzes and supports farms during transition should focus more on the dynamics of change processes by valuing what happens on the farms. Research should especially give more credence to on-farm experiments conducted by farmers and develop new tools and methods (e.g., for strategic monitoring) to support these transitions. This is the first review of scientific studies of farm transitions to agroecology. Overall, the review indicates that these transitions challenge the system boundaries, temporal horizons, and sustainability dimensions that agricultural researchers usually consider. In this context, farm transitions to agroecology require changes in the current organization and funding of research in order to encourage longer term and more adaptive configurations.
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hal-03957484 , version 1 (26-01-2023)

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Lorène Prost, Guillaume Martin, Rémy Ballot, Marc Benoit, Jacques-Eric Bergez, et al.. Key research challenges to supporting farm transitions to agroecology in advanced economies. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2023, 43, pp.11. ⟨10.1007/s13593-022-00855-8⟩. ⟨hal-03957484⟩
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