Effects of pathogen reproduction system on the evolutionary and epidemiological control provided by deployment strategies for two major resistance genes in agricultural landscapes - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Evolutionary Applications Year : 2024

Effects of pathogen reproduction system on the evolutionary and epidemiological control provided by deployment strategies for two major resistance genes in agricultural landscapes

Abstract

Resistant cultivars are of value for protecting crops from disease, but can be rapidly overcome by pathogens. Several strategies have been proposed to delay pathogen adaptation (evolutionary control), while maintaining effective protection (epidemiological control). Resistance genes can be (i) combined in the same cultivar (pyramiding), (ii) deployed in different cultivars sown in the same field (mixtures) or in different fields (mosaics), or (iii) alternated over time (rotations). The outcomes of these strategies have been investigated principally in pathogens displaying pure clonal reproduction, but many pathogens have at least one sexual event in their annual life cycles. Sexual reproduction may promote the emergence of superpathogens adapted to all the resistance genes deployed. Here, we improved the spatially explicit stochastic model landsepi to include pathogen sexual reproduction, and we used the improved model to investigate the effect of sexual reproduction on evolutionary and epidemiological outcomes across deployment strategies for two major resistance genes. Sexual reproduction favours the establishment of a superpathogen when single mutant pathogens are present together at a sufficiently high frequency, as in mosaic and mixture strategies. However, sexual reproduction did not affect the strategy recommendations for a wide range of mutation probabilities, associated fitness costs, and landscape organisations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03984706 , version 1 (13-02-2023)
hal-03984706 , version 2 (31-01-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Marta Zaffaroni, Loup Rimbaud, Jean‐françois Rey, Julien Papaïx, Frédéric Fabre. Effects of pathogen reproduction system on the evolutionary and epidemiological control provided by deployment strategies for two major resistance genes in agricultural landscapes. Evolutionary Applications, 2024, 17 (1), pp.e13627. ⟨10.1111/eva.13627⟩. ⟨hal-03984706v2⟩
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