Inferring ASF transmission in domestic pigs and wild boars using a paired model iterative approach - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Epidemics Year : 2023

Inferring ASF transmission in domestic pigs and wild boars using a paired model iterative approach

Abstract

The rapid spread of African swine fever (ASF) in recent years has once again raised awareness of the need to improve our preparedness in preventing and managing outbreaks, for which modelling-based forecasts can play an important role. This is even more important in the case of a disease such as ASF, involving several types of hosts, characterised by a high case-fatality rate and for which there is currently no treatment or vaccine. Within the framework of the ASF challenge, we proposed a modelling approach based on a stochastic mechanistic model and an inference procedure to estimate key transmission parameters from provided data (incomplete and noisy) and generate forecasts for unobserved time horizons. The model is partly data driven and composed of two modules, corresponding to epidemic and demographic dynamics in domestic pig and wild boar (WB) populations, interconnected through the networks of animal trade and/or spatial proximity. The inference consists in an iterative procedure, alternating between the two models and based on a criterion optimisation. Estimates of transmission and detection parameters appeared to be of similar magnitude for each of the three periods of the challenge, except for the transmission rates in WB population through contact with infectious individuals and carcasses, higher during the first period. The predicted number of infected domestic pig farms was in overall agreement with the data. The proportion of positive tested WB was overestimated, but with a trend close to that observed in the data. Comparison of the spatial simulated and observed distributions of detected cases also showed an overestimation of the spread of the pathogen within WB metapopulation. Beyond the quantitative results and the inherent difficulties of real-time forecasting, we built a modelling framework that is flexible enough to accommodate changes in transmission processes and control measures that may occur during an epidemic emergency.
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hal-03993608 , version 1 (06-09-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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G. Beaunée, François Deslandes, Elisabeta Vergu. Inferring ASF transmission in domestic pigs and wild boars using a paired model iterative approach. Epidemics, 2023, 42, pp.100665. ⟨10.1016/j.epidem.2023.100665⟩. ⟨hal-03993608⟩
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