Trait variation in a successful global invader: a large-scale analysis of morphological variance and integration in the brown trout - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Biological Invasions Year : 2023

Trait variation in a successful global invader: a large-scale analysis of morphological variance and integration in the brown trout

Abstract

In ecology and evolution, the small population paradigm posits that reduced genetic variation will result in limited phenotypic variation that, in turn, will affect population resilience and potential for adaptation. Over the last decade though, such a paradigm has been questioned, with evidence that mechanisms independent of genetic variation may be also important in shaping phenotypic variation. However, there are few large-scale empirical examples, especially from aquatic ecosystems. Using the large-scale natural experiment afforded by the global invasion of brown trout (Salmo trutta), we quantify standing phenotypic variation in morphology among different introduced ranges, relative to the native range. By using shape variation and morphological integration as indicators of phenotypic variation, we show that neither founding population size nor time since founding (i.e., effect of selection regime) are correlated to the amount of morphological variation, contrarily to common expectations. Beyond founding population size and time since founding, the amount of morphological variation is mostly controlled by factors at the population level rather than at the region level, and is not lower in invaded regions compared to the native range. These results suggest that the dynamics of phenotypic variation may be largely independent of population size and mostly determined by site-specific patterns of selection.
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Dates and versions

hal-04005980 , version 1 (27-02-2023)

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Matthias Vignon, Mingsha Zhou, Angus Mcintosh, Cristian Correa, Peter Westley, et al.. Trait variation in a successful global invader: a large-scale analysis of morphological variance and integration in the brown trout. Biological Invasions, 2023, ⟨10.1007/s10530-023-03003-9⟩. ⟨hal-04005980⟩
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