Functional validation of the truncated UNC-63 acetylcholine receptor subunit in levamisole resistance - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal for Parasitology Year : 2023

Functional validation of the truncated UNC-63 acetylcholine receptor subunit in levamisole resistance

Abstract

Levamisole is a broad-spectrum anthelmintic which permanently activates cholinergic receptors from nematodes, inducing a spastic paralysis of the worms. Whereas this molecule is widely used to control parasitic nematodes impacting livestock, its efficacy is compromised by the emergence of drug-resistant parasites. In that respect, there is an urgent need to identify and validate molecular markers associated with resistance. Previous transcriptomic analyses revealed truncated cholinergic receptor subunits as potential levamisole resistance markers in the trichostrongylid nematodes Haemonchus contortus, Telodorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. In the present study we used the Xenopus oocyte, as well as the free-living model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, as heterologous expression systems to functionally investigate truncated isoforms of the levamisole-sensitive acetylcholine receptor (L-AChR) UNC-63 subunit. In the Xenopus oocyte, we report that truncated UNC-63 from C. elegans has a strong dominant negative effect on the expression of the recombinant C. elegans L-AChRs. In addition, we show that when expressed in C. elegans muscle cells, truncated UNC-63 induces a drastic reduction in levamisole susceptibility in transgenic worms, thus providing the first known functional validation for this molecular marker in vivo.
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hal-04075523 , version 1 (20-04-2023)

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Élise Courtot, Morgane Miclon, Barbara Reaves, Adrian Wolstenholme, Cédric Neveu. Functional validation of the truncated UNC-63 acetylcholine receptor subunit in levamisole resistance. International Journal for Parasitology, 2023, 53 (8), pp.435-440. ⟨10.1016/j.ijpara.2023.02.002⟩. ⟨hal-04075523⟩
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