Phloem Sap Composition: What Have We Learnt from Metabolomics? - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2023

Phloem Sap Composition: What Have We Learnt from Metabolomics?


Phloem sap transport is essential for plant nutrition and development since it mediates redistribution of nutrients, metabolites and signaling molecules. However, its biochemical composition is not so well-known because phloem sap sampling is difficult and does not always allow extensive chemical analysis. In the past years, efforts have been devoted to metabolomics analyses of phloem sap using either liquid chromatography or gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Phloem sap metabolomics is of importance to understand how metabolites can be exchanged between plant organs and how metabolite allocation may impact plant growth and development. Here, we provide an overview of our current knowledge of phloem sap metabolome and physiological information obtained therefrom. Although metabolomics analyses of phloem sap are still not numerous, they show that metabolites present in sap are not just sugars and amino acids but that many more metabolic pathways are represented. They further suggest that metabolite exchange between source and sink organs is a general phenomenon, offering opportunities for metabolic cycles at the whole-plant scale. Such cycles reflect metabolic interdependence of plant organs and shoot–root coordination of plant growth and development.


Vegetal Biology

Dates and versions

hal-04089763 , version 1 (05-05-2023)





Louis Broussard, Cyril Abadie, Julie Lalande, Anis Limami, Jérémy Lothier, et al.. Phloem Sap Composition: What Have We Learnt from Metabolomics?. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2023, 24 (8), pp.6917. ⟨10.3390/ijms24086917⟩. ⟨hal-04089763⟩
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