SepF supports the recruitment of the DNA translocase SftA to the Z-ring - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Microbiology Year : 2022

SepF supports the recruitment of the DNA translocase SftA to the Z-ring


In many bacteria, cell division begins before the sister chromosomes are fully segregated. Specific DNA translocases ensure that the chromosome is removed from the closing septum, such as the transmembrane protein FtsK in Escherichia coli. Bacillus subtilis contains two FtsK homologues, SpoIIIE and SftA. SftA is active during vegetative growth whereas SpoIIIE is primarily active during sporulation and pumps the chromosome into the spore compartment. FtsK and SpoIIIE contain several transmembrane helices, however, SftA is assumed to be a cytoplasmic protein. It is unknown how SftA is recruited to the cell division site. Here we show that SftA is a peripheral membrane protein, containing an N-terminal amphipathic helix that reversibly anchors the protein to the cell membrane. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen we found that SftA interacts with the conserved cell division protein SepF. Based on extensive genetic analyses and previous data we propose that the septal localization of SftA depends on either SepF or the cell division protein FtsA. Since SftA seems to interfere with the activity of SepF, and since inactivation of SepF mitigates the sensitivity of a increment sftA mutant for ciprofloxacin, we speculate that SftA might delay septum synthesis when chromosomal DNA is in the vicinity.
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hal-04090457 , version 1 (05-05-2023)





Terrens N V Saaki, Zihao Teng, Michaela Wenzel, Magali Ventroux, Rut Carballido‐lόpez, et al.. SepF supports the recruitment of the DNA translocase SftA to the Z-ring. Molecular Microbiology, 2022, 117 (5), pp.1263-1274. ⟨10.1111/mmi.14906⟩. ⟨hal-04090457⟩
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