Nutritional stress exacerbates impact of a novel insecticide on solitary bees' behaviour, reproduction and survival - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Year : 2022

Nutritional stress exacerbates impact of a novel insecticide on solitary bees' behaviour, reproduction and survival

Anina C Knauer
Cedric Alaux
Matthew J Allan
  • Function : Author
Robin R Dean
  • Function : Author
Gaétan Glauser
Tomasz Kiljanek
Denis Michez
Janine M Schwarz
Giovanni Tamburini
Dimitry Wintermantel
Alexandra-Maria Klein
Matthias Albrecht

Abstract

Pesticide exposure and food stress are major threats to bees, but their potential synergistic impacts under field-realistic conditions remain poorly understood and are not considered in current pesticide risk assessments. We conducted a semi-field experiment to examine the single and interactive effects of the novel insecticide flupyradifurone (FPF) and nutritional stress on fitness proxies in the solitary bee Osmia bicornis . Individually marked bees were released into flight cages with monocultures of buckwheat, wild mustard or purple tansy, which were assigned to an insecticide treatment (FPF or control) in a crossed design. Nutritional stress, which was high in bees foraging on buckwheat, intermediate on wild mustard and low on purple tansy, modulated the impact of insecticide exposure. Within the first day after application of FPF, mortality of bees feeding on buckwheat was 29 times higher compared with control treatments, while mortality of FPF exposed and control bees was similar in the other two plant species. Moreover, we found negative synergistic impacts of FPF and nutritional stress on offspring production, flight activity, flight duration and flower visitation frequency. These results reveal that environmental policies and risk assessment schemes that ignore interactions among anthropogenic stressors will fail to adequately protect bees and the pollination services they provide.

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hal-04099669 , version 1 (17-05-2023)

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Anina C Knauer, Cedric Alaux, Matthew J Allan, Robin R Dean, Virginie Dievart, et al.. Nutritional stress exacerbates impact of a novel insecticide on solitary bees' behaviour, reproduction and survival. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2022, 289 (1984), pp.20221013. ⟨10.1098/rspb.2022.1013⟩. ⟨hal-04099669⟩
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