Invited review: Good practices in genome-wide association studies to identify candidate sequence variants in dairy cattle - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Dairy Science Year : 2023

Invited review: Good practices in genome-wide association studies to identify candidate sequence variants in dairy cattle

Abstract

Genotype data from dairy cattle selection programs have greatly facilitated GWAS to identify variants related to economic traits. Results can enhance the accuracy of genomic prediction, analyze more complex models that go beyond additive effects, elucidate the genetic architecture of a trait, and finally, decipher the underlying biology of traits. The entire process, comprising data generation, quality control, statistical analyses, interpretation of association results, and linking results to biology should be designed and executed to minimize the generation of false-positive and false-negative associations and misleading links to biological processes. This review aims to provide general guidelines for data analysis that address data quality control, association tests, adjustment for population stratification, and significance evaluation to improve the reliability of conclusions. We also provide guidance on post-GWAS strategy and the interpretation of results. These guidelines are tailored to dairy cattle, which are characterized by long-range linkage disequilibrium, large half-sib families, and routinely collected phenotypes, requiring different approaches than those applied in human GWAS. We discuss common limitations and challenges that have been overlooked in the analysis and interpretation of GWAS to identify candidate sequence variants in dairy cattle.
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hal-04135625 , version 1 (21-06-2023)

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Goutam Sahana, Z. Cai, M.P. Sanchez, A.C. Bouwman, D. Boichard. Invited review: Good practices in genome-wide association studies to identify candidate sequence variants in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 2023, 106, ⟨10.3168/jds.2022-22694⟩. ⟨hal-04135625⟩
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