Prediction of Salmonella serovars isolated from clinical and food matrices in Lebanon and genomic-based investigation focusing on Enteritidis serovar - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Food Microbiology Year : 2020

Prediction of Salmonella serovars isolated from clinical and food matrices in Lebanon and genomic-based investigation focusing on Enteritidis serovar

Abstract

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovars are considered major causes of food poisoning and we performed this study because Salmonella is a burden in Lebanon. The present study investigated the ability of genomic information to predict serovar using a collection of Salmonella isolates from infected humans (n = 24) and contaminated food (n = 63) in Lebanon. Further, the phylogenomic relationships of the serovar the predominated in Lebanon (i.e., S. Enteritidis; n = 25) were investigated in comparison with isolates from other countries (n = 130) based on coregenome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Genetic elements, specifically Salmonella pathogenicity islands (SPIs), plasmid replicons, and antibiotic-resistance genes were screened in S. Enteritidis genomes (n = 155). Our results revealed that the Salmonella serovars identification by seroagglutination from the samples isolated in Lebanon (n = 87) was highly correlated with the genomic-based prediction of serovars (80.4-85.0% with SeqSero1 and 93.1-94.2% with SeqSero2). The Salmonella serovars isolated from human and food samples in Lebanon were mainly Enteritidis (28.7%) and Infantis (26%). To a rare extent, other serovars included Amager, Anatum, Bredeney, Chincol, Heidelberg, Hofit, Kentucky, Montevideo, Muenster, Newport, Schwarzengrund, Senftenberg and Typhimurium. In comparison with other countries, S. Enteritidis samples isolated in Lebanon (56 +/- 27 intra-group pairwise SNP differences) presented a strong phylogenomic relativeness at the coregenome level with samples, as for example with samples isolated from Syria (65 +/- 31 inter-group pairwise SNP differences). Most of the studied S. Enteritidis genomes encoded 10 SPIs involved in survival in immune cells (i.e. SPIs 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 12, 13, 14, 16 and 17). The plasmid replicons IncFIB (S)_1 and IncFII (S)_1 encoding elements involved in virulence were identified in the majority of the S. Enteritidis genomes (94% and 96%, respectively), the majority exhibiting aminoglycosides (gene aac(6')-Iaa_1). The IncI_1_Alpha replicon responsible for ampicillin-resistance was only detected in 2 of 25 S. Enteritidis Lebanese strains. Genomic-based risk assessment of Salmonella serovars in Lebanon showed that food imported from Syria might be an origin of the S. Enteritidis human cases in Lebanon. The detection of several SPIs involved in the survival, plasmid replicons involved in virulence, and aminoglycoside-resistance genes, emphasizes that S. Enteritidis is of paramount importance for public health in Lebanon and other countries.

Dates and versions

hal-04151246 , version 1 (04-07-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Marie Noel Mansour, Joseph Yaghi, André El Khoury, Arnaud Felten, Michel-Yves Mistou, et al.. Prediction of Salmonella serovars isolated from clinical and food matrices in Lebanon and genomic-based investigation focusing on Enteritidis serovar. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2020, 333, pp.108831. ⟨10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2020.108831⟩. ⟨hal-04151246⟩
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