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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Next-Gen Fermented Food: Harnessing Gut Microbiome Diversity and Functions


The gut microbiome is essential for human health, yet modulation requires more insight into inter-individual variation. Recent large cohort studies showed that environmental and host factors explain less than 20% of the variation in microbial composition, suggesting significant roles for stochastic factors and ecological rules in gut microbiome assembly. Although diet and lifestyle significantly influence the symbiosis between the host and microbiome, resilience is identified as a critical factor in maintaining the microbiome's structure throughout an individual’s lifespan. Understanding the microbiome structure included analyzing 35,000 human gut microbiome samples and using time-series analysis. We found that the microbiome is structured as branches that shape dynamics between states. Gut microbiome states are differentially linked to host and environmental factors, allowing critical transition to unhealthy degraded states to be detected in association with diversity and functional shifts. As part of a healthy diet, fermented foods hold the potential to counter decreased microbiome diversity and have potential health benefits such as improving gut health. Although there is a significant intersection between food and human microbial species, the origin of fermented foods strains is crucial to consider its functional effect. While consuming fermented foods has been associated with metabolic changes in the gut microbiome, its functional enrichment is considered personalized. This updated view of the human gut microbiome structural and functional landscape provides a conceptual framework for designing next-gen and sustainable fermented foods.
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hal-04195035 , version 1 (04-09-2023)




  • HAL Id : hal-04195035 , version 1


Julien Tap. Next-Gen Fermented Food: Harnessing Gut Microbiome Diversity and Functions. 14th International Symposium on Lactic Acid Bacteria, Aug 2023, Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands. ⟨hal-04195035⟩
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