Interest of Procalcitonin in ANCA Vasculitides for Differentiation between Flare and Infections - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2023

Interest of Procalcitonin in ANCA Vasculitides for Differentiation between Flare and Infections

Abstract

Procalcitonin (PCT) was established as a biomarker to discriminate bacterial infections from other proinflammatory conditions. Our objective was to determine whether PCT is effective in differentiating infection from antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) flare. In this retrospective, case-control study, PCT and other inflammatory biomarkers of patients with AAV relapse (relapsing group) were compared to infected AAV patients (infected group). In our population of 74 patients with AAV, PCT was significantly higher in the infected group than in the relapsing group (0.2 µg/L [0.08; 0.935] vs. 0.09 µg/L [0.05; 0.2], p < 0.001). Sensitivity and specificity were 53.4% and 73.6%, respectively, for an ideal threshold of 0.2 µg/L. C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly higher in cases of infection than in relapse (64.7 mg/L [25; 131] vs. 31.5 mg/L, [10.6; 120], p = 0.001). Sensitivity and specificity for infections were 94.2% and 11.3%, respectively. Fibrinogen, white blood cell count, eosinophil count, and neutrophil count were not significantly different. In the multivariate analysis, the relative risk of infection was 2 [1.02; 4.5] (p = 0.04) for a PCT above 0.2 µg/L. In AAV, PCT may be useful for discriminating between infections and flare in patients suffering from AAVs.
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hal-04227411 , version 1 (03-10-2023)

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Xavier Poirot-Seynaeve, Perrine Smets, Bruno Pereira, Louis Olagne, Julien Stievenart, et al.. Interest of Procalcitonin in ANCA Vasculitides for Differentiation between Flare and Infections. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2023, 24 (6), pp.5557. ⟨10.3390/ijms24065557⟩. ⟨hal-04227411⟩
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