Technosol rehabilitation strategies drive soil physico-chemical properties and fauna diversity on a former coking plant area - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Applied Soil Ecology Year : 2022

Technosol rehabilitation strategies drive soil physico-chemical properties and fauna diversity on a former coking plant area

Abstract

Anthropic activities such as mining, resource extraction or transformation profoundly modify ecosystems and may lead to Technosol formation. Post-industrial areas are examples of potentially degraded lands, due to soil contamination with metals or organic pollutants, as well as soil structure damage. Soil biodiversity being closely involved in many soil functions such as organic matter decomposition, formation and stabilization of soil structure, the recovery of degraded soil functions partly depends on soil fauna colonization. However, the relationship between Technosol abiotic parameters and soil fauna colonization is still to be disentangled. In an attempt to fill this gap, we studied a former coking plant area in north-eastern France, composed of Technosols resulting from coking plant embankments or thermally-treated industrial soils and compared them with two local soils considered as references. We hypothesized that the taxonomic and trophic diversity of Technosol-dwelling invertebrates would be more diverse and abundant in the soils with the higher soil physico-chemical quality (i.e higher fertility and lower pollutions levels). To test this hypothesis, we studied four Technosols that were settled following two different rehabilitation strategies within the same post-industrial area and we compared them with two local soils of reference using nested ANOVAs as well as multivariate analyses of soil abiotic parameters and soil fauna community indices, both within the soil and on its surface.

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Soil study
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Dates and versions

hal-04327171 , version 1 (06-12-2023)

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Gabin Colombini, Françoise Watteau, Apolline Auclerc. Technosol rehabilitation strategies drive soil physico-chemical properties and fauna diversity on a former coking plant area. Applied Soil Ecology, 2022, 177, pp.104542. ⟨10.1016/j.apsoil.2022.104542⟩. ⟨hal-04327171⟩
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