Underlying evidence for the health benefits of fermented foods in humans - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Food and Function Year : 2022

Underlying evidence for the health benefits of fermented foods in humans

Abstract

Fermented foods (FFs) have been a part of our diets for millennia and comprise highly diverse products obtained from plants and animals all over the world. Historically, fermentation has been used to preserve food and render certain raw materials edible. As our food systems evolve towards more sustainability, the health benefits of FFs have been increasingly touted. Fermentation generates new/transformed bioactive compounds that may occur in association with probiotic bacteria. The result can be specific, advantageous functional properties. Yet, when considering the body of human studies on the topic, whether observational or experimental, it is rare to come across findings supporting the above assertion. Certainly, results are lacking to confirm the widespread idea that FFs have general health benefits. There are some exceptions, such as in the case of lactose degradation via fermentation in individuals who are lactose intolerant; the impact of select fermented dairy products on insulin sensitivity; or the benefits of alcohol consumption. However, in other situations, the results fail to categorically indicate whether FFs have neutral, beneficial, or detrimental effects on human health. This review tackles this apparent incongruity by showing why it is complex to test the health effects of FFs and what can be done to improve knowledge in this field.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Rul et al_FF_2022.pdf (1.08 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-04345288 , version 1 (14-12-2023)
hal-04345288 , version 2 (15-12-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

F Rul, C Béra-Maillet, M C Champomier-Vergès, K E El-Mecherfi, B Foligné, et al.. Underlying evidence for the health benefits of fermented foods in humans. Food and Function, 2022, 13, pp.4804 - 4824. ⟨10.1039/d1fo03989j⟩. ⟨hal-04345288v2⟩
225 View
13 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More