Thermal Properties and Dynamic Rheological Characterization of Dioscorea Starch Gels - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Gels Year : 2024

Thermal Properties and Dynamic Rheological Characterization of Dioscorea Starch Gels

Abstract

Yam (Dioscorea. sp.) is an edible starchy tuber with potential for being a commercial source of starch for industrial purposes, but yam starch is underutilized. The dynamic oscillatory and thermal properties of yam starches from sixteen varieties each of Dioscorea. rotundata, Dioscora. alata, Dioscorea. bulbifera and one variety of Dioscorea. dumetorum from Nigeria were studied to determine their potential for industrial utilization. The storage modulus, loss modulus, damping factor and complex viscosity as a function of frequency (omega) of the dioscorea gels, as well as the onset temperature (T-o), peak gelatinization temperature (T-p), end of gelatinization (T-C), and gelatinization enthalpy of the starches were determined by standard procedures. Results showed that all the dioscorea starches showed a typical elastic behavior with the magnitude of G ' greater than G '' while tan delta < 1 in all varieties. Thus, the starch gels were more elastic than viscous. All the starch gels exhibited shear thinning characteristics and showed frequency (omega) independence characteristics of weak gels. D. rotundata varieties had the lowest triangle H-gel, while D. bulbifera varieties had the highest. The diversity of the visco-elastic and thermal properties of the yam starch gels from different varieties and species can be an advantage in their utilization in both food and non-food industries.
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hal-04550521 , version 1 (17-04-2024)

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Bolanle Omolara Otegbayo, Abiola Rebecca Tanimola, Julien Ricci, Olivier Gibert. Thermal Properties and Dynamic Rheological Characterization of Dioscorea Starch Gels. Gels, 2024, 10, pp.51. ⟨10.3390/gels10010051⟩. ⟨hal-04550521⟩
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