Determinants of Return to Work After a Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Year : 2024

Determinants of Return to Work After a Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract

Objective: To identify prognostic factors for return to work (RTW) after stroke. Data Sources: PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Embase were systematically searched. Study Selection: Studies had to include people of working age (<65 years old) at the time of stroke (ischemic, hemorrhagic, or subarachnoid hemorrhage). The evaluation of RTW and rate of RTW had to be mentioned. Study selection was done by 2 independent authors. In total, 1241 articles were screened, 39 met all inclusion criteria. Data Extraction: Characteristics of included studies were recorded independently by 2 authors. Differences were resolved through discussion or with a third author. Quality was assessed using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network quality assessment tool. Data Synthesis: Among the 39 studies, prognostic factors for RTW were hemorrhagic stroke (odds ratio 0.53 [95% confidence interval 0.45-0.60], independence in activities of daily living (3.99 [1.73-9.23], n=7), and stroke severity (NIHSS) (1.23 [1.08-1.39], n=6). Conclusions: This meta-analysis highlighted positive and negative prognostic factors associated with RTW after stroke. Two categories were distinguished: modifiable and non-modifiable prognostic factors. This study provides information to help understand the issues, set appropriate objectives and implement appropriate strategies to guide people to RTW after stroke. Randomized controlled studies are needed to better evaluate work-place intervention programs as well as the effects of intravenous thrombolysis, and cognitive and neuropsychological rehabilitation on return-to-work rates after stroke. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2024;105:359-68 (c) 2023 by the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine.
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hal-04602141 , version 1 (05-06-2024)

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Charles Orange, Charlotte Lanhers, Guillaume Coll, Nicolas Coste, Frederic Dutheil, et al.. Determinants of Return to Work After a Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2024, 105 (2), pp.359-368. ⟨10.1016/j.apmr.2023.08.027⟩. ⟨hal-04602141⟩
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