Rapid adaptation of the rainbow trout intestinal microbiota to the use of a high-starch 100% plant-based diet - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles FEMS Microbiology Letters Year : 2024

Rapid adaptation of the rainbow trout intestinal microbiota to the use of a high-starch 100% plant-based diet

Abstract

Short-term adaptation of the microbiota could promote nutrient degradation and the host health. While numerous studies are currently undertaking feeding trials using sustainable diets for the aquaculture industry, the extent to which the microbiota adapts to these novel diets is poorly described. The incorporation of carbohydrates (CHO) within a 100% plant-based diet could offer a novel, cost-effective energy source that is readily available, potentially replacing the protein component in the diets. In this study, we investigated the short-term (3 weeks) effects of a high CHO, 100% plant-based diet on the mucosal and digesta associated microbiota diversity and composition, as well as several metabolic parameters in rainbow trout. We highlighted that the mucosa is dominated by Mycoplasma (44.86%). While the diets did not have significant effects on the main phyla (Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria), after 3 weeks, a lower abundance of Bacillus genus, and higher abundances of four lactic-acid bacteria were demonstrated in digesta. In addition, no post-prandial hyperglycemia was observed with high carbohydrate intake. These results provide evidence for the rapid adaptation of the gut microbiota and host metabolism to high CHO in combination with 100% plant ingredients in rainbow trout.
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Dates and versions

hal-04606138 , version 1 (09-06-2024)

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Raphaël Defaix, Jep Lokesh, Jessica Calo, Sandra Biasutti, Anne Surget, et al.. Rapid adaptation of the rainbow trout intestinal microbiota to the use of a high-starch 100% plant-based diet. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 2024, ⟨10.1093/femsle/fnae039⟩. ⟨hal-04606138⟩
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