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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2022

Chemotactic Responses of Xanthomonas with Different Host Ranges

Abstract

Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (Xcc) (X. citri subsp. citri) type A is the causal agent of citrus bacterial canker (CBC) on most Citrus spp. and close relatives. Two narrow-host-range strains of Xcc, Aw and A*, from Florida and Southwest Asia, respectively, infect only Mexican lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and alemow (C. macrophylla). In the initial stage of infection, these xanthomonads enter via stomata to reach the apoplast. Herein, we investigated the differences in chemotactic responses for wide and narrow-host-range strains of Xcc A, X. euvesicatoria pv. citrumelonis (X. alfalfae subsp. citrumelonis), the causal agent of citrus bacterial spot, and X. campestris pv. campestris, the crucifer black rot pathogen. These strains of Xanthomonas were compared for carbon source use, the chemotactic responses toward carbon compounds, chemotaxis sensor content, and responses to apoplastic fluids from Citrus spp. and Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis). Different chemotactic responses occurred for carbon sources and apoplastic fluids, depending on the Xanthomonas strain and the host plant from which the apoplastic fluid was derived. Differential chemotactic responses to carbon sources and citrus apoplasts suggest that these Xanthomonas strains sense host-specific signals that facilitate their location and entry of stomatal openings or wounds.
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hal-04607144 , version 1 (10-06-2024)

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Marta Sena-Vélez, Elisa Ferragud, Cristina Redondo, James H Graham, Jaime Cubero. Chemotactic Responses of Xanthomonas with Different Host Ranges. Microorganisms, 2022, 11 (1), pp.43. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms11010043⟩. ⟨hal-04607144⟩
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