Biological characterization of an emergent virus infecting vegetables in diversified production systems: physostegia chlorotic mottle virus - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Phytopathology Year : 2024

Biological characterization of an emergent virus infecting vegetables in diversified production systems: physostegia chlorotic mottle virus

Abstract

In 2014, Physostegia chlorotic mottle virus (PhCMoV) was discovered in Austria in Physostegia virginiana. Subsequent collaborative efforts established a link between the virus and severe fruit symptoms on important crops like tomato, eggplant, and cucumber across nine European countries. Thereafter, specific knowledge gaps, which are crucial to assess the risks PhCMoV can pose for the production and how to manage it, needed to be addressed. In this study, the transmission, prevalence, and disease severity of PhCMoV were examinated. This investigation led to the identification of PhCMoV presence in a new country, Switzerland. Furthermore, our research indicates that the virus was already present in Europe 30 years ago. Bioassays demonstrated PhCMoV can result in up to 100% tomato yield losses depending on the phenological stage of the plant at the time of infection. PhCMoV was found to naturally infect 12 new host plant species across eight families, extending its host range to 21 plant species across 15 plant families. The study also identified a polyphagous leafhopper (genus Anaceratagallia) as a natural vector of PhCMoV. Overall, PhCMoV was widespread in small-scale diversified vegetable farms in Belgium where tomato is grown in soil under tunnels, occurring in approximately one-third of such farms. However, outbreaks were sporadic, and were associated at least once with the cultivation in tomato tunnels of perennial plants that can serve as a reservoir host for the virus and its vector. To further explore this phenomenon and manage the virus, studying the ecology of the vector would be beneficial.
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hal-04613830 , version 1 (17-06-2024)

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Coline Temple, Arnaud G. Blouin, Dieke Boezen, Marleen Botermans, Laurena Durant, et al.. Biological characterization of an emergent virus infecting vegetables in diversified production systems: physostegia chlorotic mottle virus. Phytopathology, 2024, 114, pp.1680-1688. ⟨10.1094/PHYTO-06-23-0194-R⟩. ⟨hal-04613830⟩
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