Synthesis, homogenisation and regionalisation of inland water greenhouse gas budget estimates for the RECCAP2 initiative - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2023

Synthesis, homogenisation and regionalisation of inland water greenhouse gas budget estimates for the RECCAP2 initiative

George Allen
Bridget Deemer
Shaoda Liu
  • Function : Author
Taylor Maavara
Pete Raymond
Lewis Alcott
  • Function : Author
David Bastviken
Adam Hastie
  • Function : Author
Meredith Holgerson
  • Function : Author
Matthew Johnson
  • Function : Author
Bernhard Lehner
Peirong Lin
Alessandra Marzadri
Lishan Ran
Hanqin Tian
  • Function : Author
Xiao Yang
  • Function : Author
Yuanzhi Yao
  • Function : Author
Pierre Regnier
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Inland waters are important sources of the greenhouse gasses (GHGs) carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) to the atmosphere. While a growing number of global estimates of inland water GHG emissions exists, the integration of inland waters into regional GHG budgets is often hampered by the lack of adequate geo-spatial datasets. Moreover, existing estimates diverge substantially, in part due to persisting uncertainties related to the size and distribution of effective inland water surface areas.  In the framework of the 2nd phase of the REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP-2) initiative, we synthesize existing estimates of GHG emissions from streams, rivers, lakes and reservoirs, and homogenize them with regard to underlying global maps of inland water surface areas and the effects of seasonal ice cover. We then produce estimates of inland water GHG emissions for 10 extensive land regions that are used for the regional land budgets of RECCAP2. According to our synthesis, global inland waters emit 5.6 (3.5-9.1) Pg CO2 yr-1, 101 (83-135) Tg CH4 yr-1 and 326 (254-592) Gg N2O yr-1. South American rivers contribute about one third of global inland water CO2 emissions. North-American and Russian lakes contribute together one third of global inland water CH4 emissions. Finally, North America alone contributes one fourth of global inland water N2O emissions.The global inland water emissions sum up to a global warming potential (GWP) of an equivalent emission of 13.6 (10.0-20.3) and 8.3 (5.8-12.7) Pg CO2 yr-1 at a 20- and 100-year horizon, respectively. At 100-year horizon, the contribution of CO2 dominates the GWP of global inland water GHG emissions, with rivers being the largest emitters. At the 20-year horizon, on the contrary, lakes and rivers are equally important emitters, and the contributions of CH4 to the GWP of inland water GHG emissions even exceed those of CO2. Contributions of N2O to the GWP appear to be less significant at both time horizons. Normalized to the area of the RECCAP-2 land regions, South America and South East Asia show the highest inland water emission rates in terms of GWP, dominated by riverine CO2 emissions.
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Dates and versions

hal-04631918 , version 1 (02-07-2024)

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Cite

Ronny Lauerwald, George Allen, Bridget Deemer, Shaoda Liu, Taylor Maavara, et al.. Synthesis, homogenisation and regionalisation of inland water greenhouse gas budget estimates for the RECCAP2 initiative. EGU General Assembly 2023, European Geosciences Union, Apr 2023, Vienne, Austria. pp.EGU23-1333, ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu23-1333⟩. ⟨hal-04631918⟩
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