All‐ trans retinoic acid exhibits anti‐proliferative and differentiating activity in Merkel cell carcinoma cells via retinoid pathway modulation - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology Year : 2024

All‐ trans retinoic acid exhibits anti‐proliferative and differentiating activity in Merkel cell carcinoma cells via retinoid pathway modulation

Abstract

Background: The limited therapies available for treating Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC), a highly aggressive skin neoplasm, still pose clinical challenges, and novel treatments are required. Targeting retinoid signalling with retinoids, such as all‐ trans retinoic acid (ATRA), is a promising and clinically useful antitumor approach. ATRA drives tumour cell differentiation by modulating retinoid signalling, leading to anti‐proliferative and pro‐apoptotic effects. Although retinoid signalling is dysregulated in MCC, ATRA activity in this tumour is unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of ATRA on the pathological phenotype of MCC cells. Methods: The effect of ATRA was tested in various Merkel cell polyomavirus‐positive and polyomavirus‐negative MCC cell lines in terms of cell proliferation, viability, migration and clonogenic abilities. In addition, cell cycle, apoptosis/cell death and the retinoid gene signature were evaluated upon ATRA treatments. Results: ATRA efficiently impaired MCC cell proliferation and viability in MCC cells. A strong effect in reducing cell migration and clonogenicity was determined in ATRA‐treated cells. Moreover, ATRA resulted as strongly effective in arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis/cell death in all tested MCC cells. Enrichment analyses indicated that ATRA was effective in modulating the retinoid gene signature in MCC cells to promote cell differentiation pathways, which led to anti‐proliferative and pro‐apoptotic/cell death effects. Conclusions: These results underline the potential of retinoid‐based therapy for MCC management and might open the way to novel experimental approaches with other retinoids and/or combinatorial treatments.
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hal-04639437 , version 1 (09-07-2024)

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Chiara Mazziotta, Giada Badiale, Christian Felice Cervellera, Giampaolo Morciano, Giulia Di Mauro, et al.. All‐ trans retinoic acid exhibits anti‐proliferative and differentiating activity in Merkel cell carcinoma cells via retinoid pathway modulation. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 2024, 38 (7), pp.1419-1431. ⟨10.1111/jdv.19933⟩. ⟨hal-04639437⟩
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