On the emitted dust size distribution and its variability: insights from a field campaign in an ephemeral lake of the Lower Drâa Valley, Moroccan Sahara - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2022

On the emitted dust size distribution and its variability: insights from a field campaign in an ephemeral lake of the Lower Drâa Valley, Moroccan Sahara

Sylvain Dupont

Abstract

During the last decades the emitted particle size distribution (PSD) of dust and its variability have been actively discussed due to their effects on the Earth System. Some frameworks support a higher proportion of aggregate's fragmentation as wind speed increases, while others suggest the PSD independence of wind speed and soil properties, at least up to ~10 µm. Constraining the size-resolved dust emission and its variability is key to reduce the uncertainty of Earth system models, but still requires further analysis. The ERC project FRAGMENT addresses these and other issues related to dust emission, dust mineralogical composition and its effects upon climate. In this context we conducted a one month field campaign in September 2019 at L'Bour, an ephemeral lake located in the Lower Drâa Valley, resulting in a detailed description of the soil, dust emission and meteorology. During the campaign saltation and dust emission were very frequent under two prevailing wind directions. Friction velocity varied around 0.15 ms⁻¹, with peaks close to 0.4 ms⁻¹, except for a peak of 0.6 ms⁻¹ coinciding with the arrival of one of the moist convective storms or haboobs that occurred during this period. We study the near-surface concentration and diffusive flux PSDs along with their variability up to ~19 µm in optical diameter (~21 µm in geometric dust diameter). As expected, we find significant differences between the concentration and diffusive flux PSDs, with the latter showing a higher proportion of coarse and super-coarse particles. Our results also highlight dependencies of the PSDs with friction velocity, wind direction, and type of event (regular events vs haboob outflow events). We first discuss the potential origin of the variations and dependencies, which include 1) differences in fetch and surface between directions, 2) dry deposition of coarse and super-coarse dust depending on friction velocity, 3) more disaggregation with increasing friction velocity, and 4) the effect of the haboob gust front. Our calculations show the influence of dry deposition upon the diffusive flux PSDs. We finally compare our PSDs with brittle fragmentation theory, both with the original 2011 formulation using optical diameters, and with the more recent 2022 formulation including the emission of super-coarse dust and using geometric diameters.
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Dates and versions

hal-04643137 , version 1 (10-07-2024)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04643137 , version 1

Cite

Cristina González-Flórez, Martina Klose, Andres Alastuey, Sylvain Dupont, Jerónimo Escribano, et al.. On the emitted dust size distribution and its variability: insights from a field campaign in an ephemeral lake of the Lower Drâa Valley, Moroccan Sahara. AGU Fall Meeting 2022, Dec 2022, Chicago (Illinois), US, United States. ⟨hal-04643137⟩
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